How to separating the background of photos

28/01/2024 204

Photos with simple objects such as people, vases, bottles, etc. are very simple to separate from the background. You just need to use tools that have the function of creating selections such as the Pen Tool, Selection tool group. However, with difficult objects like trees, it is not possible. Small leaves with too many details will be lost and the edges will become jagged. So how to separate the background of an image with complex details in Photoshop? Join Sadesign to learn how to do it through the sharing below.

How to separating the background of photos

Photos with simple objects such as people, vases, bottles, etc. are very simple to separate from the background. You just need to use tools that have the function of creating selections such as the Pen Tool, Selection tool group. However, with difficult objects like trees, it is not possible. Small leaves with too many details will be lost and the edges will become jagged. So how to separate the background of an image with complex details in Photoshop? Join Sadesign to learn how to do it through the sharing below. 

1. Steps to separate image backgrounds with complex details in Photoshop

separating the background of photos

Trees with too many and small leaves will not be able to separate them all from the background with just regular area selection tools. We need to combine many different tools. 

To be able to separate image backgrounds with complex details in Photoshop such as trees, follow these steps. 

Step 1: First we need to open the photo we want to separate the background with complex details in Photoshop. Select File on the menu bar => Open => select the image => click Open. 

Or you can press the key combination Ctrl+O.

select the image

Step 2: Double click on the background layer to unlock it. When the layer dialog box appears, you can give it a new name and then click OK. For example, I name it “Layer 0”.

you can give it a new name and then click OK

Step 3: At the bottom of the Layers panel, let's choose Create new fill or adjustment layer - the divided circle icon. Then select Threshold…

select Threshold…

At this point, our photo will be converted to black and white. Threshold is a parameter that represents the contrast value at the edge. The smaller the value, the noisier the image will be; the larger the value is, the more blurred the image will be. Please adjust the Threshold level to a moderate level, here I set the value to 144.

set the value to 144.

Step 4: Now hold down the Shift key and then select both layers. Please press Ctrl + J to duplicate both of these layers. At this point we get the result as shown.

press Ctrl + J to duplicate both of these layers

At the top 2 copy layers, right-click, then select Convert to smart object.

select Convert to smart object.

At Threshold 1 copy layer, on the menu, Select => Color range…

Color range…

In the Color range dialog box that appears, note Fuzziness. This is the reference value. When you click on a point on the image to get the reference color, Photoshop will take the pixels whose color is closest to that color. You can adjust the color range to be similar by changing the value. Here I set the fuzziness value to 200. Then click OK.

set the fuzziness value to 200

At this point we will get the result as shown. We can see that the white areas are all selected.

We can see that the white areas are all selected.

Step 5: We can see that behind the tree trunk there is a horizontal line. To separate the complexly detailed image background in Photoshop for this tree, we need to remove this entire horizon background. On the toolbar, select Polygonal Lasso Tool. On the Option bar at the top, select Add to selection.

select Polygonal Lasso Tool

For now, temporarily hide the Threshold 1 copy layer and the Threshold 1 layer. Hide the layer by clicking on the eye image to the left of the layer. Now your photo returns to its original color with the selection still present.

Hide the layer by clicking on the eye image to the left of the layer

With the Polygonal Lasso Tool, we will create a selection in the grass below. Press Alt and use the Polygonal Lasso Tool straight along the horizon and around the grass to create a selection as shown.

Press Alt and use the Polygonal Lasso Tool

After reaching the anchor endpoint, we will press Ctrl. Now you will see the selection removes the horizon line as shown. Only the sky area is selected, dark areas such as trees and grass are omitted.

press Ctrl

Step 6: At layer 0, give it a mask by selecting Add layer mask at the bottom of the layer panel.

selecting Add layer mask

Step 7: Now press the key combination Ctrl + I to invert the selection. Now you will get the result as shown.

press the key combination Ctrl + I to invert the selection

Now we get an image with the trees and grass separated from the sky. The sky becomes transparent. Even the small white background squares between the leaves are transparent. Now you can combine this tree into many different photo backgrounds. For example, pairing it with a beach like in the picture.

combine this tree into many different photo backgrounds

So, we have removed the background of images with complex details in Photoshop. How to do it is not too difficult, right? Hopefully Sadesign's sharing can make your photo editing work easier.

 
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